The Three Different Doshas, Effect of Tastes on Doshas, The Body Organ Affected by Specific Tastes:
- VATA: Most Decreased by Salty Taste, then Sour and Sweet.
Most Increased by Bitter Taste (Increases more Long term), then Astringent (Increases more immediately) and Pungent.
Sour, or Pungent + Sweet is best for Vata.
- PITTA: Most Decreased by Bitter Taste, then Astringent and Sweet.
Most Increased by Sour Taste (Immediate Relief, Long Term Accumulative), then Pungent and Salty (Immediate Relief, Long Term Accumulative).
- KAPHA: Most Decreased by Pungent Taste, then Bitter and Astringent.
Most Increased by Sweet Taste, then Salty and Sour. Though, as far as temporary action is concerned, Salty tastes, decongest and Liquify Kapha, and also help in its expelling out of the body. Same goes for a Sweet Herb, like Licourise.
On the similar lines:
Heating Effect: Most Heating is Pungent, then Sour (Earth + Fire, Increases Plasma), and Salty.
- Cooling Effect: Most Cooling is Bitter, then Astringent and Sweet.
Let me state few interesting points here: Sweet taste is most nourishing and is digested first. Astringent taste is least nourishing and is digested in the end. I personally am with the school of thought, that sweet taste should be had in the beginning of the meals, and not in the end. As, if we eat sweet taste at the end of the meals, it will be digested first, and there are chances of undigested food remaining/passing out in the system.
The Tastes and The Corresponding Body Organs Affected:
The Taste Corresponding Organ Affected