The Human Anatomy from Ayurvedic Perspective that I present here assumes a person to be without any birth defect.
The 10 seats of vital breath:
These are Temples, Heart, Bladder, Head, Throat, Blood, Semen, Ojas (the Subtle aspect of Kapha), and Colon.
The Heart serves all the body purpose and Arteries & Veins do the requisite function of taking pure blood to the body parts and getting the impure blood back to the heart, for re-purification.
Further anatomy (Indemonstrable) comprises of Ligaments, Hair, Capillaries etc.
The Body Channel Systems (Srotas): The system comprises of the channels or pores that circulate ‘The Doshas (V, P, and K) & ‘The Dhatus (Body Tissues)’, throughout the body (to the various body organs), and are also a means of transport for ‘The Wastes’, to be ejected out from the body. ‘Srotas’ would include Shira (Veins), Arteries (Dhamani), Rasavahini (Capillaries), Nadi (Ducts), Pantha (Passages), Marga (tracts), Sharatachidra (Spaces inside the body), Samvrita (Open at one & closed at the other end) and Ashaya (Containers).
This circulation of Dhatus in the body, transforms one Dhatu to the next (From Rasa (Plasma) to Shukra (Semen/Ovum). As also stated before, a percentage of a Dhatu goes on to the formation of the next Dhatu. Thus, to stay healthy, we must keep the channels as clean, clear and healthy as is practicable.
Srotas work at various levels, but I am only stating the Srotas for the large systems:
Larger systems, Such as, Respiratory (Pranavaha Srotas, Vayu), Digestive (Annavaha, Pitta), Water Metabolism (Udakavaha, Kapha), Lymphatic/Plasma/Heart (Rasavaha, Kapha), Blood Circulation (Raqtavaha, Pitta), Muscles (Mamsavaha, Kapha), Fat/Adipose (Medovaha, Kapha), Skeletal (Asthivaha, Vata), Bone Marrow (Majjavaha, Vata), Reproductive (Shukravaha, Kapha), Sweat (Swedavaha, Kapha), Excretory (Purishvaha, Vata), Urinary (Mutravaha, Kapha), Female reproductive (Uterus, Artavaha, Pitta; Breast Milk, Stanyavaha, Kapha).
Vata & Kapha cause Vitiation of the Srotas.
Three Primary waste materials in our body are: Faeces (Purisha), Urine (Mutra) & Sweat (Sweda).
Excretory Orifices in our Body are: Eyes, Ears, Nostrils, Mouth, Urethra & Anus. These Sites are prominent Prana Sites, and should be kept cleaned and massaged (Mustard Oil, Sesame Oil) on regular basis.
Also, Ayurveda talks of The Mannovaha Srota (Related to The Mind, Manas). This includes The Brain & Nerves, 5 sense organs (Pancha Jnanendriyas), 5 motor organs (Pancha Karmendriyas), and the mind. These channels also function through endomembrane and endothelium. The Mannovaha Srota, also encompass the all-important, Sushumna, Ida & The Pingla Nadi.
The 7 layers of skin (Sapta Twak):
These are produced by our metabolic activity. These are:
- Avabhasini: Source of Skin Lustre, and reflects quality of Rasa Dhatu (And thus, would provide an indication of the inner body Physiology). If affected, Pimples, Acne, Dandruff, Scaling etc. results.
- Lohita: Supports outermost layer, and indicated quality of Raqta Dhatu. Impurities here may cause, black moles, Black Pigmentation etc.
- Shweta: Provides balance to Skin Colour; If impaired, may cause, Eczema, Allergic Rashes, Red Patches etc.
- Tamra: Nurtures Upper Layers, supports our Immune System. If impaired may cause Skin infections.
- Vedini: It is like a connecting tissue, connecting the skin with the body. If impaired, may lead to herpes, ulcers etc.
- Rohini: Responsible for healing and regeneration of cells. If impaired, delays healing, prevents scars from vanishing etc. may cause cancers, tumours etc.
- Mamsa Dhara: Provides support to the whole of the skin. If impaired, may cause abscesses or fistulas.
The 360 bones Sense organs:
Grossly the entire body is divided into Arms, Legs, Head, Neck and Trunk. The 360 bones include 2 Palatial Bones, 2 Hip Bones, 24 Ribs on each side, 45 at the Back and 4 Skull Bones.
The 56 body sub-parts:
Examples would be Calves, Thighs, Pubis, Breasts etc.
Body fluids such as Blood, Urine, Faeces.
Predominance of the 5 elements in body parts:
It goes as follows:
- Bones, Teeth, Hair are predominant in the Earth element;
- Blood, Urine, Sweat, Kapha etc. are predominant in the Water element;
- Body Pitta is predominant in the Fire element;
- Respiration, Body Movements are predominant in the Air element;
- Vacant Spaces & the Channels are predominant in the Ether (Akasha) element;
The 7 Dhatus (Body Tissues):
These are Lymph, Blood, Muscles, Fat (Adipose Tissue), Bone, Marrow and Semen (Shukra & Artava); The Shukra is the most dense of the Dhatu and takes about 30 days for production. The first thing produced after digestion of food is Rasa (Lymph), and there should be a perfect balance between Rasa and Excretion for a body to be healthy.
Now, the Seven Membranes: Body cells make up Tissues which make up Organs which make up Specific Body Functions/Structures, which are covered by Kapha, which consists of 7 membranes. Tissue Membranes are protective layer, separate underlying tissues from their channels, Filter out the Food for the Dhatu.
- Raqta Dhara Kala: Hold the Blood inside them / Specifically Liver & Spleen;
- Pittadhara Kala: Present in Stomach/Duodenum and attend to Digestive Function;
- Shleshma Dhara kala: Present in the Joints, and Secrete Synovial Fluid, responsible for Lubrication and Movements of Joints;
- Mamsa Dhara Kala: Sheaths of Individual Muscles;
- Medo Dhara Kala: Present in the Bones and Secrete Bone Marrow;
- Purisha Dhara Kala: Attend to separation of Wastes in the intestines (Faecal Matter);
- Shukra Dhara Kala: Inside the Testicles and Seminal Ducts.
Located in the Heart and if this depletes, the person begins his journey towards death. The Blood Vessels from the Heart supply Ojas to the complete body. Excessive Discharge of Semen (and coupled by many other factors) is responsible for its depletion.
This should clear the confusion, excessive masturbation will definitely result in weakness in the body, due loss of Ojas.